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Immigration law refers to the national statutes, regulations, and legal precedents governing immigration into and deportation from a country. Strictly speaking, it is distinct from other matters such as naturalization and citizenship, although they are sometimes conflated. Countries frequently maintain laws that regulate both the rights of entry and exit as well as internal rights, such as the duration of stay, freedom of movement, and the right to participate in commerce or government. National laws regarding the immigration of citizens of that country are regulated by international law. The United Nations' International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights mandates that all countries allow entry to their own citizens.


Form N-400 is used to apply for US citizenship through the naturalization process. Lawful permanent residents (also known as green card holders) of the United States, who meet the eligibility requirements, can file N-400 form to request citizenship. Becoming an American citizen gives the same rights and privileges of citizenship as natural born American citizens, except one: naturalized U.S. citizens are not eligible for the Office of the President of the United States.


The I-90 form (officially called the “Application to Replace Permanent Resident Card”) is the application used to renew or replace a green card. You must file Form I-90 with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) if your green card is expired or soon-to-expire or if it has been lost, stolen, damaged, or destroyed, among other reasons.


P visa is a type of temporary employment visa of the United States, granted to undocumented noncitizens, athletesartists, and entertainers, and their spouses and children.

P visa classifications are as follows:

  • P-1 applies to individual or team athletes, or members of an entertainment group that are internationally recognized. 

  • P-2 applies to artists or entertainers who will perform under a reciprocal exchange program.

  • P-3 applies to artists or entertainers who perform under a program that is culturally unique.

  • P-4 is for the spouse, or child under the age of 21, of a P-1, P-2, or P-3 undocumented noncitizen and who is accompanying, or following to join, the undocumented noncitizen.

EB- 5 Visas

Administered by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), the EB-5 Program, also known as the Immigrant Investor Program, allows qualified foreign investors who meet specific capital investment and job creation requirements, to obtain their permanent residency and become proud contributors to U.S. communities. Under the Program, each investor is required to demonstrate that at least ten new jobs were created or saved as a result of the EB-5 investment, which must be a minimum of $1.8 million, or $900,000 if the funds are invested in certain high-unemployment or rural areas.

In 1992, Congress enhanced the economic impact of the EB-5 program by permitting the designation of Regional Centers to pool EB-5 capital from multiple foreign investors for investment in economic development projects approved by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) within a defined geographic region.

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